Presentation: Characteristics of Fibromyalgia in Muslim Bedouin Women in Primary Care Clinic (2007)

1540 Characteristics of Fibromyalgia in Muslim Bedouin Women in Primary Care Clinic

Abstract
Fibromyalgia (FM) has been described and studied in various sociocultural settings in developed as well as in developing countries.
Objectives:
The purpose of the current research was to study the occurrence of FM and to describe its effect on quality of life in the unique setting of Muslim Bedouin women in the southern Israel Negev desert area.
Methods:
One hundred and two Bedouin women were recruited from a primary health care clinic in the Negev area. All patients fulfilled ACR criteria for the classification of FM. Pateitents. Tenderness was assessed by manual dolorimetry and the fibromyalgia impact questionaire (FIQ) was utilized for estimating the seerity of FM symptoms. Anxiety and depresion were assessed by the Arthritis Impact Measurement Scales (AIMS) sub-scales and quality of life was evaluated by the SF-36 questionnaire.
Results
The population studied was characterized by low levels of education, high rates of consanguinity, high numbers of children per mother and high rates of polygamy. High levels of classical FM symptoms such as pain and fatigue, as well as anxiety and depression, were noted, with an overall exceedingly high level of impact of FM on quality of life (9.8 on a scale of 0-10).
Conclusions:
Functional disorders such as FM are occur in the unique setting of Muslim Bedouin women and have a highly siginificant impact on the quality of life of such individuals (and on those dependent on them). Physicans involved in primary care of such individuals must be attenitive to the manifestations of functional disorders.

 R. Peleg, None; J. Ablin, None; A. Peleg, None; L. Neumann, None; R. Abu Rabia, None; D. Buskila, None.