Method This was an 8-weeks, dose-ranging, multicenter, blinded, double-dummy, active-controlled trial of patients ≥18 to ≤80 y with an acute gouty arthritis flare, refractory to or contraindicated to NSAIDs and/or colchicine. Patients were randomized to 1 subcutanous (sc) dose of canakinumab (10, 25, 50, 90, or 150 mg) or 1 intra muscular (im) dose of triamcinolone acetonide (TA) [40 mg]. The primary variable was assessed 72 h post-dose, measured on a 0-100 mm VAS pain scale. Secondary variables included pain intensity 24 and 48 h post dose, time to 50% reduction in pain intensity, and time to recurrence of gout flares up to 8 weeks post dose.
Results 200 patients were enrolled (canakinumab n=143, TA n=57) and 191 completed the study. A statistically significant dose response was observed at 72 h. The 150 mg dose reached superior pain relief compared to TA starting from 24h: estimated mean difference in pain intensity on 0-100 mm VAS was -11.5 at 24 h, -18.2 at 48 h, and -19.2 at 72 h (all p<0.05). Canakinumab 150 mg provided a rapid onset of pain relief: median time to 50% reduction in pain was reached at 1 day with canakinumab 150 mg vs 2 days for the TA group (p=0.0006). The probability of recurrent gout flares was 3.7% with canakinumab 150 mg vs. 45.4% with TA 8 weeks post treatment, a relative risk reduction of 94% (p=0.006). Serious AEs occurred in 2 patients receiving canakinumab (appendicitis and carotid artery stenosis) and 1 receiving TA (cerebrovascular disorder). Investigator’s reported these events as not study drug related. There were no discontinuations due to AEs.
Conclusion Canakinumab 150 mg provided faster onset and superior pain relief compared to TA for acute flares in gouty arthritis patients refractory to or contraindicated to standard treatments. The 150 mg dose of canakinumab prevented recurrence of gout flares with a relative risk reduction compared to TA of 94% at 8 weeks post-dose, and was well tolerated.
Disclosure: A. So, Novartis Pharma AG; Abbott, Bristol-Myers Squibb, Essex, Pfizer, MSD, Roche, UBC, Wyeth, 5 ; M. De Meulemeester, None; T. Shamim, None; A. Pikhlak, Novartis Pharma AG, 2 ; A. E. Yücel, None; U. Arulmani, Novartis Pharma AG, 3 ; D. Richard, Novartis Pharma AG, 3 ; V. Murphy, Novartis Pharma AG, 3 ; P. Sallstig, Novartis Pharma AG, 3 ; N. Schlesinger, Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation, 2 .